Fermented raspberry leaf tea

Lots of lovely raspberry bushes out now, if the mosquitos will let you get to them! Here’s something to try

http://hungerandthirstforlife.blogspot.com/2013/01/fermented-raspberry-leaf-tea_26.html 

https://www.culturesforhealth.com/learn/recipe/lacto-fermentation-recipes/lacto-fermented-herbal-tea/ 

This technique was suggested to us by Diana Pusko who has a Mexican restaurant on Nida, and was kind enough to take us on a foraging walk in the forest. She says to rub the leaves then put them in a jar for 24hrs. After this short fermentation, lay them out to dry fully before jarring them. Then just make a tea with the leaves, add sugar and wait for the microorganisms to get busy.

We’ve tried with one tea made from a hot infusion and another from a cold one.

Lichen love

Some basic lichen info, for those of you new to this wonderful world!

https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichen
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichen

http://www.ohiomosslichen.org/Lichenology-101.pdf

Here some details on human uses of lichen in different places
https://www.earthlife.net/lichens/intro.html

Bibliographical Database Of The Human Uses Of Lichens
http://www.lichen.com/usetype.html

Artist introducing Spanish lichen to Nida, on foam blog
https://fo.am/blog/2013/11/23/assisted-migration/

https://books.google.lt/books?id=-prNplgZg_MC&pg=PA19&lpg=PA19&dq=lithuania+lichen+extinct&source=bl&ots=rC_zLMQkKQ&sig=N11DRoqBzQWuYvYqfWAH5crGRYY&hl=lt&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx5u6e9JvbAhWGBSwKHRaiC7sQ6AEIaTAM#v=onepage&q=lithuania%20lichen%20extinct&f=false

Lichen study relating to cormorants (could not DWNLOAD)
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268981894_Pine_forest_lichens_under_eutrophication_generated_by_a_great_cormorant_colony

Not very reliable
https://www.homeopathyschool.com/the-school/provings/reindeer-moss/

Lichens collected radioactivity after Chernobyl in Lithuania
https://books.google.lt/books?id=EH3LBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=chernobyl+lichen+lithuania&source=bl&ots=KeZLWoMnIi&sig=nlBHA3tFLYhX5apFxm8Y6ozxbiw&hl=lt&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjjv-zwu6vbAhUDApoKHcgbD044ChDoAQhPMAY#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbiosis_in_lichens

RARE PLANT SPECIES IN CURONIAN SPIT THREATENED BY PORT ACTIVITIES & the big sea ferries

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripolium_pannonicum

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lysimachia_maritima

A kind of arrowgrass

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triglochin_maritima

 

https://www.sodininkyste.lt/baltijine-stokle-cakile-baltica/

https://www.google.ro/search?q=baltijin%C4%97+stokl%C4%97&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj3876YupHbAhUB3iwKHdiICBcQsAQILQ&biw=1237&bih=655&dpr=2#imgdii=xDTuWKjvtN03XM:&imgrc=j3qgDMVI8SoaFM:

 

http://samogitia.mch.mii.lt/LANKYTINOS_VIETOS/nerija.en.htm

 

http://www.unesco.lt/uploads/file/failai_VEIKLA/kultura/Pasaulio_paveldas%20Lietuvoje/nerija_dok/curonian_spit_nomination_EN.pdf

 

https://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/botlit/22/1/article-p49.xml

 

Atlantic / Baltic Sturgeon

There’s a ton of information out there about the Baltic Sturgeon, one of the great success stories in this era of the sixth mass extinction event – here are a few historical places to start.

https://www.naturalsciences.be/en/news/item/6233

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/230/0

http://www.helcom.fi/helcom-at-work/projects/completed-projects/sturgeon-rehabilitation-pg/baltic-sea-sturgeon

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1439-0426.1999.tb00221.x

Has some details on first eating of sturgeon/caviar
http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/Y5261E/y5261e06.htm

Article on leaping behaviour
https://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/21/sports/outdoors-the-lofty-mystery-of-why-sturgeon-leap.html

Sturgeon for tomorrow (fishermen + conservationsist)
https://www.sturgeonfortomorrow.org/resources-for-educators.php

Wiki in lithuanian
https://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltijos_a%C5%A1tria%C5%A1nipis_er%C5%A1ketas

misc Lithuanian threatened species

It isn’t just lichen that is threatened in Lithuania these days. Here are some links to other critters also having a hard time of it..

Alien Species on Lithuanian Fund for Nature
http://www.glis.lt/?pid=126

The Noble Beasts of Lithuania
https://www.draugas.org/news/the-noble-beasts-of-lithuania/

Cute european mink now extinct in Lithuania
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/14018/0

European eel
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/60344/0

Bats which have some situation in lihtuania (according to red list wiki entry)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbastelle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pond_bat

IUCN Red List
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IUCN_Red_List
http://www.iucnredlist.org/search (but difficult to use)

List of mammals in Lithuania (including extinct and endangered ones, ie. certain whales, porpoise etc.)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mammals_of_Lithuania

Sea holly, a spiky dune plant, aphrodisiac (in UK), supposedly on the Red List here, Eryngium maritimum
http://samogitia.mch.mii.lt/LANKYTINOS_VIETOS/nerija.en.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eryngium_maritimum

Let the sky rain potatoes;
let it thunder to the tune of Green-sleeves,
hail kissing-comfits and snow eringoes [sea-holly],
let there come a tempest of provocation…” (from a Shakespeare play, can’t remember which)

Very detailed study, well nomination for UNESCO list, including some discussion of rare species (fish, mammals, plants, and birds) here (1999 – super out-of-date. Eg. they refer to something as rare but on IUCN its status is a-ok)
http://www.unesco.lt/uploads/file/failai_VEIKLA/kultura/Pasaulio_paveldas%20Lietuvoje/nerija_dok/curonian_spit_nomination_EN.pdf